Как создать загрузочную флешку с образом убунту

Загрузочная флешка Ubuntu

Тема сегодняшней инструкции — создание загрузочной флешки Ubuntu. Речь пойдет не об установке Ubuntu на флешку (о чем я напишу в ближайшие два-три дня), а именно о создании загрузочного накопителя для установки операционной системы с него или же использования в режиме LiveUSB. Делать это мы будем из Windows и из Ubuntu. Рекомендую также посмотреть отличный способ создания загрузочных флешек Linux, в том числе Ubuntu с помощью Linux Live USB Creator (с возможностью запуска Ubuntu в Live-режиме внутри Windows 10, 8 и 7).

Для того, чтобы сделать загрузочную флешку с Ubuntu Linux, вам потребуется дистрибутив этой операционной системы. Последнюю версию образа ISO Ubuntu вы всегда можете бесплатно скачать на сайте, воспользовавшись ссылками на сайте http://ubuntu.ru/get. Вы можете воспользоваться и официальной страницей загрузки http://www.ubuntu.com/getubuntu/download, однако по ссылке, которую я дал вначале, вся информация представлена на русском и имеется возможность:

  • Скачать образ Ubuntu с торрента
  • С FTP Яндекс
  • Имеется полный список зеркал для загрузки образов ISO Ubuntu

После того, как нужный образ Ubuntu уже на Вашем компьютере, приступим непосредственно к созданию загрузочного USB накопителя. (Если вас интересует сам процесс установки, см. Установка Ubuntu с флешки)

Создание загрузочной флешки Ubuntu в Windows 10, 8 и Windows 7

Для того, чтобы быстро и легко сделать загрузочную флешку с Ubuntu из под Windows, вы можете воспользоваться бесплатной программой Unetbootin, последняя версия которой всегда доступна на сайте http://sourceforge.net/projects/unetbootin/files/latest/download.

Также, прежде чем приступить, отформатируйте флешку в FAT32, используя стандартные настройки форматирования в Windows.

Программа Unetbootin не требует установки — ее достаточно скачать и запустить, чтобы использовать на компьютере. После запуска, в главном окне программы Вам потребуется выполнить всего три действия:

Загрузочная флешка Ubuntu в Unetbootin

  1. Указать путь к образу ISO с Ubuntu (Я использовал Ubuntu 13.04 Desktop).
  2. Выбрать букву флешки (если подключена одна флешка, скорее всего, она определится автоматически).
  3. Нажать кнопку «Ок» и дождаться завершения работы программы.

Программа Unetbootin в работе

Стоит отметить, что когда я делал загрузочную флешку с Ubuntu 13.04 в рамках написания данной статьи, на этапе «установка загрузчика» программа Unetbootin как будто бы зависла (Не отвечает) и продолжалось это в течение примерно десяти-пятнадцати минут. После этого она очнулась и завершила процесс создания. Так что не пугайтесь и не снимайте задачу, если подобное произойдет и у Вас.

Для того, чтобы выполнить загрузку с флешки для установки Ubuntu на компьютер или использования флешки в качестве LiveUSB, Вам потребуется установить загрузку с флешки в BIOS (по ссылке описано, как это сделать).

Примечание: Unetbootin — не единственная Windows программа, с помощью которой можно сделать загрузочную флешку с Ubuntu Linux. Эту же операцию можно проделать в WinSetupFromUSB, XBoot и многих других, ознакомиться с которыми можно в статье Создание загрузочной флешки — лучшие программы.

Как сделать загрузочный носитель Ubuntu из самой Ubuntu

Может так оказаться, что на всех компьютерах в Вашем доме уже установлена операционная система Ubuntu, а загрузочная флешка Вам требуется, чтобы распространить влияние секты Убунтоводов. Это не сложно.

Найдите стандартное приложение «Создание загрузочного диска» (Startup Disk Creator) в списке приложений.

Укажите путь к образу диска, а также к флешке, которую требуется превратить в загрузочную. Нажмите кнопку «Создать загрузочный диск». К сожалению, на скриншоте я не смог показать весь процесс создания, так как Ubuntu запущен на виртуальной машине, куда не смонтированы флешки и прочее. Но, тем не менее, думаю представленных здесь картинок будет вполне достаточно для того, чтобы каких-либо вопросов не возникло.

Есть также возможность сделать загрузочную флешку с Ubuntu и в Mac OS X, но у меня сейчас отсутствует возможность показать, как это делается. Обязательно расскажу об этом в одной из следующих статей.

Источник

Как создать загрузочную флешку с образом убунту

Your submission was sent successfully! Close

1. Overview

With a bootable Ubuntu USB stick, you can:

  • Install or upgrade Ubuntu
  • Test out the Ubuntu desktop experience without touching your PC configuration
  • Boot into Ubuntu on a borrowed machine or from an internet cafe
  • Use tools installed by default on the USB stick to repair or fix a broken configuration

Creating a bootable Ubuntu USB stick is very simple, especially from Ubuntu itself, and we’re going to cover the process in the next few steps.

Alternatively, we also have tutorials to help you create a bootable USB stick from both Microsoft Windows and Apple macOS.

2. Requirements

  • A 4GB or larger USB stick/flash drive
  • Ubuntu Desktop 14.04 or later installed
  • An Ubuntu ISO file. See Get Ubuntu for download links

3. Launch Startup Disk Creator

We’re going to use an application called ‘Startup Disk Creator’ to write the ISO image to your USB stick. This is installed by default on Ubuntu, and can be launched as follows:

  1. Insert your USB stick (select ‘Do nothing’ if prompted by Ubuntu)
  2. On Ubuntu 18.04 and later, use the bottom left icon to open ‘Show Applications’
  3. In older versions of Ubuntu, use the top left icon to open the dash
  4. Use the search field to look for Startup Disk Creator
  5. Select Startup Disk Creator from the results to launch the application

4. ISO and USB selection

When launched, Startup Disk Creator will look for the ISO files in your Downloads folder, as well as any attached USB storage it can write to.

It’s likely that both your Ubuntu ISO and the correct USB device will have been detected and set as ‘Source disc image’ and ‘Disk to use’ in the application window. If not, use the ‘Other’ button to locate your ISO file and select the exact USB device you want to use from the list of devices.

Click Make Startup Disk to start the process.

5. Confirm USB device

Before making any permanent changes, you will be asked to confirm the USB device you’ve chosen is correct. This is important because any data currently stored on this device will be destroyed.

After confirming, the write process will start and a progress bar appears.

6. Installation complete

That’s it! You now have Ubuntu on a USB stick, bootable and ready to go.

If you want to install Ubuntu, take a look at our install Ubuntu desktop tutorial.

Источник

Как создать загрузочную флешку с образом убунту

Your submission was sent successfully! Close

1. Overview

With a bootable Ubuntu USB stick, you can:

  • Install or upgrade Ubuntu
  • Test out the Ubuntu desktop experience without touching your PC configuration
  • Boot into Ubuntu on a borrowed machine or from an internet cafe
  • Use tools installed by default on the USB stick to repair or fix a broken configuration

This tutorial will show you how to create a bootable USB stick on Microsoft Windows using Rufus.

For most users we recommend balenaEtcher instead of Rufus which is simpler to use and also available on MacOS and Ubuntu. Instructions are now included in the primary Install Ubuntu Desktop tutorial.

Creating a bootable Ubuntu USB stick from Microsoft Windows is very simple and we’re going to cover the process in the next few steps.

Alternatively, we also have tutorials to help you create a bootable USB stick from both Ubuntu and Apple macOS.

2. Requirements

  • A 4GB or larger USB stick/flash drive
  • Microsoft Windows XP or later
  • Rufus, a free and open source USB stick writing tool
  • An Ubuntu ISO file. See Get Ubuntu for download links

Take note of where your browser saves downloads: this is normally a directory called ‘Downloads’ on your Windows PC. Don’t download the ISO image directly to the USB stick! If using Windows XP or Vista, download version 2.18 of Rufus.

3. USB selection

Perform the following to configure your USB device in Rufus:

  1. Launch Rufus
  2. Insert your USB stick
  3. Rufus will update to set the device within the Device field
  4. If the Device selected is incorrect (perhaps you have multiple USB storage devices), select the correct one from the device field’s drop-down menu

You can avoid the hassle of selecting from a list of USB devices by ensuring no other devices are connected.

4. Select the Ubuntu ISO file

To select the Ubuntu ISO file you downloaded previously, click the SELECT to the right of “Boot selection”. If this is the only ISO file present in the Downloads folder you will only see one file listed.

Select the appropriate ISO file and click on Open.

5. Write the ISO

The Volume label will be updated to reflect the ISO selected.

Leave all other parameters with their default values and click START to initiate the write process.

6. Additional downloads

You may be alerted that Rufus requires additional files to complete writing the ISO. If this dialog box appears, select Yes to continue.

7. Write warnings

You will then be alerted that Rufus has detected that the Ubuntu ISO is an ISOHybrid image. This means the same image file can be used as the source for both a DVD and a USB stick without requiring conversion.

Keep Write in ISO Image mode selected and click on OK to continue.

Rufus will also warn you that all data on your selected USB device is about to be destroyed. This is a good moment to double check you’ve selected the correct device before clicking OK when you’re confident you have.

If your USB stick contains multiple partitions Rufus will warn you in a separate pane that these will also be destroyed.

8. Writing the ISO

The ISO will now be written to your USB stick, and the progress bar in Rufus will give you some indication of where you are in the process. With a reasonably modern machine, this should take around 10 minutes. Total elapsed time is shown in the lower right corner of the Rufus window.

9. Installation complete

When Rufus has finished writing the USB device, the Status bar will be filled green and the word READY will appear in the center. Select CLOSE to complete the write process.

Congratulations! You now have Ubuntu on a USB stick, bootable and ready to go.

To use it you need to insert the stick into your target PC or laptop and reboot the device. It should recognise the installation media automatically during startup but you may need to hold down a specific key (usually F12) to bring up the boot menu and choose to boot from USB.

For a full walkthrough of installing Ubuntu, take a look at our install Ubuntu desktop tutorial.

Источник

Ubuntu Documentation

Outline

The general procedure to install Ubuntu (or Ubuntu flavour, Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu, . ) from a USB flash drive is:

    Get the correct Ubuntu installation file, ‘the iso file’, via this link or Ubuntu flavour via this link. Download the iso file into your running computer (for example into the directory Downloads in the internal drive, not into the USB flash drive that you want to make into a USB boot drive).

    Check with md5sum (or another checksum tool) that the download was good.

  • Put Ubuntu onto your USB flash drive alias ‘stick’ alias ‘pendrive’ alias ‘thumb’. Tools for this purpose are described in this help page.
  • Configure your computer to boot from USB flash drive and boot from it.

    Try Ubuntu (Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu, . ) before installing it.

  • Install Ubuntu to your internal drive (hard disk drive or solid state drive or external drive).
  • See also: Installation/FromUSBStickQuick for beginners starting from Windows.

    Introduction

    Ubuntu can be installed from a USB flash drive. This may be necessary for most new portable computers without DVD drives and is handy for others because a USB flash drive is so convenient. Also, you can configure Ubuntu on the USB flash drive to save changes you make, unlike a read-only CD/DVD disk.

    Booting from a USB flash drive created with usb-creator alias Startup Disk Creator and mkusb will behave just as if you had booted from the install CD. It will show the language selection and then the install menu, from which you can install Ubuntu onto the computer’s hard drive or launch the LiveCD environment. Other utilities, e.g. UNetbootin, may create slightly different boot drives or if on UEFI might not work at all with Debian iso files due to a bug

    Note: This article uses the term «USB flash drive» alongside USB stick, USB drive, USB device, USB pendrive and thumb drive.

    Prerequisites

    To create a USB installation device, you will need:

      a 4 GB USB flash device/drive/stick. If the iso file is smaller than 2 GB, it is possible to use a 2 GB USB device, at least with some of the methods. Files on this USB device will be erased, so backup the files you want to keep before making the device bootable. Some of the tools require that this USB device is properly formatted and mounted while other tools will overwrite whatever is on the target device. Please follow the instructions for each tool.

      an Ubuntu flavour ISO file downloaded from an official web page, ubuntu.com/download or http://releases.ubuntu.com, stored in your running computer (for example in the directory Downloads in the internal drive, not in the USB flash drive that you want to make into a USB boot drive).

      Check with md5sum (or another checksum tool) that the download was good. In Linux there is the tool ‘md5sum’. In Windows you can do it with Rufus: click on the circle with a tick mark (more about Rufus here.)

      Dummy headlines

      After a major remake of this help page the following headlines are kept here because they may be linked to from other web sites. Several other headlines further down in the page are also kept for this reason.

      Notes about speed

      Notes about size

      Notes about bootability

      The flash hardware

      There is a detailed description at the sub-page /pre

      Creating a bootable Ubuntu USB flash drive from Windows

      There are various methods available for Windows to create a bootable Ubuntu USB flash drive.

      NEVER try to use one of your hard disk drives or partitions in this process unless you really know what you are doing, as data will get erased.

      Rufus

      Rufus is the tool in Windows that is recommended officially by Ubuntu. A tutorial is available from here.

      balenaEtcher

      Pendrivelinux’s Universal USB Installer

      UNetbootin

      Win32 Disk Imager

      There is a detailed description at /fromWindows including Rufus, balena Etcher, Universal USB Installer, Unetbootin and Win32 Disk Imager.

      Creating a bootable Ubuntu USB flash drive from Ubuntu

      Install and run Startup Disk Creator alias usb-creator

      The Ubuntu Startup Disk Creator is dedicated to creating USB boot drives for Ubuntu and Ubuntu family flavours (Kubuntu, Lubuntu . Xubuntu).

    • Use another tool (e.g. ‘UNetbootin’ or ‘mkusb’), if you want to create a USB boot drive with another Linux distro (alias Linux operating system).
    • You can find usb-creator-gtk by typing «Startup Disk Creator» (Ubuntu Desktop) or usb-creator-kde in K-Menu—>Applications—>System—>Startup Disk Creator (Kubuntu). If it is not there, then you can install it using the Ubuntu Software Center.

      • Insert and mount the USB drive. Inserting the USB drive should auto-mount it.
      • Start the Startup Disk Creator
      • In the top pane of the Startup Disk Creator, pick the .iso file that you downloaded.
      • If the .iso file isn’t listed, click «Other» to locate and select the .iso file that you downloaded.
      • In the bottom pane of the Startup Disk Creator, pick the target device, the USB flash drive. If more than one choice, please check carefully, until you are sure that you will be writing to the correct device.
      • After checking that you are pointing to the correct target device, the USB flash drive, you can start the action.

      You must enter a password because this is a risky operation. Use the password of the current user ID (the same as for login and running tasks with 'sudo'. Password is not required when installing from a ‘live’ system (booted from a DVD disk or another USB flash drive).

      The Startup Disk Creator clones the iso file, which means that you need neither erase nor format the target drive. It will be completely overwritten anyway by the cloning process. The Startup Disk Creator looks like this in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS:

      Notes

        NEVER try to use one of your hard disk drives or SSDs or partitions in this process unless you really know what you are doing, as data will get erased.

        There are bugs that affect the Ubuntu Startup Disk Creator, when you run it in old Ubuntu versions in BIOS mode and try to create USB boot drives with other versions. In the Ubuntu Startup Disk Creator version 0.3.2 in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, these bugs are no longer a problem, so you can install any version of the Ubuntu flavours from 16.04 LTS and newer versions.

        UNetbootin

        Download UNetbootin

      • UNetbootin works in and with most Linux distros.
      • It is an extracting tool (not a cloning tool).
      • It can make a persistence file up to 4GB in size to save data and defaults.
      • mkusb — dd image of iso file to USB device safely

        If you want to clone from a general image file to a drive, you can use mkusb. It lets you clone to any drive that is not busy, also an internal drive, and there are very obvious warnings to prevent mistakes.

      • mkusb can also
        • run in Debian and many linux distros that are similar to Ubuntu and Debian,
        • clone from iso files of most Linux distros to create USB boot drives,
        • create persistent live drives of the Ubuntu family and Debian, using all available drive space for persistence and/or data storage,
        • restore a USB boot drive to a standard storage device.
      • There is a detailed description at /fromUbuntu including the Startup Disk Creator, UNetbootin and mkusb.

        Creating a bootable Ubuntu USB flash drive from Mac OSX

        There is a good wiki page about booting with UEFI, and a good tutorial thread, UEFI Installing — Tips.

        Test if running in UEFI mode

        You may want to test if your Ubuntu flavour is running in [U]EFI mode. An installed system and a live system too is using the directory /sys/firmware/efi, so you can run the following command line,

        The following command line is more robust and also easier to understand, so you may prefer it (if you copy & paste and are not bothered by typing a long command line),

        Источник

        Mac OS X Hints
        Adblock
        detector